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How to fertilise bananas, what to fertilise and how to fertilise

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How to fertilise bananas for high yields? Fertilisation techniques for high banana yields


Bananas are one of the common fruits, so how do you fertilise them for high yields? Here is a guide to high-yielding fertilisation techniques for bananas.


Banana's nutrient requirements generally increase as the leaf stage increases. The good or bad growth and development of bananas in the 18-40 leaf stage plays a decisive role in the yield and quality of bananas, so this period is an important fertilisation period for bananas.


This period is the most sensitive period in terms of nutrient requirements. The growth of the banana plant is determined by the availability of fertilisers and the application of heavy fertilisers, together with the spraying of new tallow film to improve the utilisation rate of the active ingredients of the fertilisers, will enable the banana plant to grow with large leaves and thick stems. The plant will be able to assimilate efficiently and accumulate a lot of organic matter for the next stage of flower bud differentiation.


How to fertilise bananas to grow better? Tips for fertilising bananas for high yields


Bananas need a lot of fertiliser, and each generation of bananas needs a different type and frequency of fertiliser, so how do you apply fertiliser with better utilisation? What is the most effective way to fertilise bananas?


Fertilisation of new banana plantations: In addition to having enough organic fertiliser as a base fertiliser before planting. When two new leaves come out, combine with irrigation to apply thin fertilizer, usually with human manure, urine or organic compound fertilizer, etc. to apply in appropriate amount, and chase, and combine with foliar fertilizer such as potassium dihydrogen phosphate. As the plant grows up, the amount of fertiliser increases gradually. In the first half of the year, water and fertiliser are applied about four times. After the leaves have become strong and vigorous, a heavy fertiliser should be applied, combined with a foliar fertiliser.


What are the important periods for spraying foliar fertiliser on bananas


The need for foliar fertiliser for bananas generally increases as the leaf stage increases. The organic fertilizer equipment plays a decisive role in the yield and quality of bananas, so this period is an important fertilization period for bananas. This period can be divided into two heavy application periods: the middle and late nutritional growth period and the bud differentiation period, and most of the fertilizers should be applied in these two periods.


1, bud differentiation period (30-40 leaves), that is, 5-7 months after the spring planting banana planting, summer and autumn planting banana planting and host banana bud set 9-11 months after, from the leaf shape, this period from the pumping of large leaves 1 to 2 to short round sunflower fan leaves, leaf spacing from sparse began to turn dense, the pumping speed to slow; from the stem, the pseudostem development to thick, bulb (banana head) began to be exposed on the ground, altar-shaped; from the absorption of buds, has entered the The bud-sucking stage is in full bloom. This period is in the process of reproductive growth bud differentiation foliar fertilizer, need a lot of nutrients for young spike growth and development, in order to form a large spike fruit long spike. According to foreign research, when the late nutritional growth into the bud differentiation, the nitrogen content of the leaves suddenly dropped, because this time urgently need a lot of nitrogen supply bud differentiation use, when the root system from the soil to absorb nitrogen can not meet the needs, nitrogen had to be transferred from the leaves, stems and other tissues and organs over. This is the time to apply heavy fertilizer, can promote the leaves to the limit of assimilation, the production of more organic material for the formation of young spikes and growth and development.


2. Late nutritional growth (18-29 leaves), i.e. 3 to 5 months after spring planting, 5 to 9 months after summer and autumn planting, and 5 to 9 months after the shoots are set. In terms of leaf shape, this period ranges from the middle leaf (when the new leaves are mostly curved like a tiger's tail) to 1 or 2 large leaves. If you apply heavy fertiliser at this time, the banana plant will get enough nutrients and the foliar fertiliser will be able to grow a long late leafy and thick stemmed banana plant, which will be assimilated and accumulate a lot of organic matter to lay a good material foundation for the next stage of flower bud differentiation.


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