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Fertilizer requirements of peppers

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Fertilizer requirements of peppers

According to biological knowledge, the root extension ability of pepper is weak, and the root system only extends 10-25 cm on the surface, and cannot absorb nutrients in the soil in a wide range.

Based on the above characteristics, in order to improve the survival ability and yield of peppers, peppers should be selected in fertile soil plots, applied enough base fertilizer, and topdressed according to the characteristics of peppers in different stages. In the process of pepper fertilization, two principles should be adhered to:

First, according to the time, fertilization can enable peppers to obtain sufficient nutrients during growth and promote the vigorous growth of rhizomes. The amount of fertilizer required for peppers at different growth stages is different; secondly, according to the situation, different plots of peppers grow differently, and the same plot The growth of different peppers is also different. On the basis of overall consideration in fertilization, the fertilization characteristics of over-prosperous and weak seedlings should also be considered.

At the same time, fertilization of peppers should pay special attention not to over-fertilize. Too much nutrients will cause eutrophication of the soil and hinder the growth of peppers.

Reapplication of base fertilizer

Before planting peppers, plough the soil deeply to fully release the organic matter in the soil. The base fertilizer is generally selected from decomposed farmyard manure, and it is applied according to the standard of 1200kg per mu, 6kg of urea, and 10kg of potassium chloride. There are two things to pay attention to when applying base fertilizer for peppers:

First, the farmyard manure must be fully decomposed. On the one hand, after being applied to the soil, the farmyard manure will ferment and heat up, causing the root to burn, causing the leaves of the pepper to turn yellow and wilting; Pests and diseases, when they enter an environment suitable for growth, will multiply rapidly, resulting in frequent pest and disease problems.

The second is to fertilize accurately, fertilize the whole piece, and the waste of chemical fertilizer is serious. The fertilization of peppers should be applied in furrows or in holes, which can help peppers better absorb and utilize fertilizers.

Reapplication of base fertilizer is relative to the entire growth cycle of peppers. The principle is to adjust measures to local conditions. Excessive application of base fertilizer is the behavior of pulling seedlings and promoting growth.

Stable application of plant fertilizer

After pepper planting, planting fertilizer should be applied, and stable planting fertilizer should be applied. The fertilizer is urea, which is applied according to 5 kg per mu. Planting fertilizer should strictly control the application amount to promote root growth, otherwise it will cause flowers and fruits to fall.

The purpose of selective urea application is to promote the root system of peppers to be deeply rooted vertically and horizontally, so that the aerial part of the plant grows rapidly, the plant is thick and the leaves are of good quality. Assuming that the pepper plants are short, choose to add 3-5 kg of urea or flush manure.

Finally: if pepper wants to have a high yield and a good harvest, fertilization is a basic technology, and field management and pest and disease management must be done well. Any control measures that are not in place may be destroyed. Of course, pepper planters not only need to learn advanced planting management techniques, but also learn sales skills, develop online and offline platforms, build sales channels, and conduct brand management operations.

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